A marvel of air conditioning: a closer look at the individual parts

Wunderwerk Klimaanlage: Die Einzelteile genauer betrachtet

Air conditioning systems are used in many buildings today – the devices are also becoming increasingly popular in our part of the world, since summer temperatures in this country are often well above the 30 degree mark. There are different types of air conditioning, for example split air conditioners or monoblock systems. In this article we take a closer look at the individual parts of the air conditioning system and their function!

Tip: Would you like to learn more about air conditioning? Then take a look at our cold bringer guides , here we show you, for example, why you can sleep much better with the help of an air conditioner.

Overview: There are these types of air conditioning

There are different types of air conditioning depending on what you need cooling for. They all work on a similar principle, but have significant differences in design. Before we get into the parts and functions of the air conditioner, we would like to give you a quick overview of the different types of air conditioners that can be found on the market.

  • Monobloc air conditioning: All components are in one unit. This is a mobile air conditioner that is simply set up in the room. The heat is conducted outside through an exhaust hose, usually through a slightly open window. The disadvantage of this air conditioner is the comparatively low cooling capacity and the fact that a window always has to remain open. In addition, monobloc air conditioners are slightly more expensive
  • Split air conditioner: A split air conditioner consists of an indoor and an outdoor unit. Only one fan sits inside, which directs the room air over the heat exchanger, the rest is outside the building. As a result, split air conditioning systems are significantly quieter and are suitable for permanent cooling of the building. The two units of the split air conditioning system are connected to each other via a hose, so a hole in the wall of the house is necessary. However, this also makes the split air conditioning system one of the most efficient systems

These are the two known types of air conditioning that are usually used. The split air conditioning system is the device that is used most frequently in Germany, and it also works the most efficiently. You are also welcome to visit our Kältebringer online shop , here you will find detailed explanations and application examples.

But now to the individual parts of the air conditioning system and their function!

A split air conditioner consists of two major components: an indoor unit and an outdoor unit. However, there are numerous individual components behind the covers, all of which fulfill an important function. We would like to explain some of them in more detail in the following paragraphs. The following components, among others, play a key role in room cooling:

  • compressor
  • capacitor
  • Fan
  • expansion valve
  • refrigerant lines
  • filter

You can also read about the other individual parts in the air conditioning system on our website. On our detailed product pages you will find, for example, product images, graphics and a lot of interesting additional information about the split air conditioning systems.

The compressor

The compressor is one of the most important components in the refrigeration cycle of the split air conditioner. It serves to compress the refrigerant and increase the pressure and thus the temperature. In this paragraph we simply explain to you what the function of the compressor is.

In a first step, the compressor absorbs the gaseous refrigerant from the evaporation unit, i.e. sucks it in. Thereafter, this gaseous refrigerant is put under high pressure, which also increases the temperature thereof. This increased temperature also increases the kinetic energy of the gas molecules, which also causes the temperature to rise further. The refrigerant then leaves the compressor as a hot, high-pressure gas. Now the refrigerant flows into a condenser where, due to the higher temperature, it gives off heat to the surroundings, in this case to the outside to cool the room. The refrigerant then cools down again and returns to a liquid state.

To reduce the pressure, this liquid gas now flows through an expansion valve. This lowers the pressure and transfers it to the evaporation unit. In the evaporator, the refrigerant then absorbs heat from the room air and evaporates back into the gaseous state. Then it can go back into the compressor and the cycle repeats itself.

The condenser

The condenser is also an essential part of the split air conditioner. Its job is to dissipate heat and condense the refrigerant. Its function can be explained quickly and easily:

First, the condenser takes in the refrigerant, which is under high pressure. In the condenser, this refrigerant then gives off heat to the surrounding air or room. For this purpose, the condenser has tubes made of metal and fins, which offer a large surface. The thermal energy is transferred to the cooler environment, which cools the refrigerant down again. The refrigerant is now liquid again, but the high pressure remains. The now liquid refrigerant leaves the condenser and flows on to the expansion valve.

The condenser plays a crucial role in split air conditioning. It cools down the hot, gaseous refrigerant and thus enables efficient heat exchange. This is what makes circulation of the refrigerant possible.

The filters of the split air conditioning system

In addition to the components mentioned above, there are also numerous filters in the Kaltbringer split air conditioning system, which improve the air quality. These include the following:

Air filter: It is the basis of all filters in the split air conditioner. It filters dust, dirt and pollen from the room air and thus improves the air quality in a room quickly and efficiently

Fine particle filter: It is used to remove particularly small particles from the air, such as smoke particles or allergens

Activated carbon filter: An activated carbon filter is specially designed to remove odors from the air. These include, for example, the smell of smoke or sweat

Antibacterial filter: This filter prevents bacteria and viruses from spreading through the room air in the room

All of these filters are installed in the Kaltbringer split air conditioning system. A total of six different filters ensure that you achieve the ideal air quality in your room. All of these filters can be replaced in a few simple steps, you can find the spare parts in our online shop. The air filter can also be cleaned easily and without specialist knowledge.

Conclusion: air conditioners and their individual parts

The air conditioning system is a fusion of many different individual parts that work hand in hand. With simple maintenance and regular cleaning, you increase the service life of your air conditioner enormously and you can enjoy this device for many years. We hope we were able to help you with this blog article and that you now understand better how the air conditioning system works and what needs to be considered when it comes to maintenance.

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